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APRIORI

Philosophy DictionaryKant Dictionary
[B:xvii] Kant opposes a priori and empirical knowledge. He distinguishes between pure theoretical reason, pure practical reason, and mathematics, all of which are sources of a priori knowledge, and he also claims that we have a peculiar kind of a priori knowledge of the self. For Kant, a priori knowledge is certain, and the possibility of a priori knowledge about concepts and intuitions is grounded on his so-called "Copernican Revolution", according to which "we suppose that objects must conform to our knowledge"--Kant argues that the "rules" of sensibility and the understanding are "in me prior to being given to me, and therefore as given a priori". It is the possibility of such a priori knowledge, he thinks, that "promises to metaphysics...the secure path of a science". His programme involves (1) "explaining how there can be knowledge a priori" and (2) "furnishing satisfactory proofs of the laws which form the a priori basis of nature" (thereby showing in what sense objects must conform to our knowledge). He insists that a priori speculative (theoretical) knowledge is limited to possible experience (and thus to the realm of appearances, and their construction by the faculties of our minds); however, it is possible through practical a priori knowledge to "pass beyond the limits of all possible experience" [A2/B3] Kant gives the general definition of a priori knowledge as "knowledge absolutely independent of all experience. Opposed to it is empirical knowledge, which is knowledge possible only a posteriori , that is, through experience. A priori modes of knowledge are entitled pure when there is no admixture of anything empirical [but not all a priori propositions are pure, e.g., the causal maxim is a priori but not pure]".

 

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A posteriori know...A priori knowledge
A priori, analyti...
A priori, theory ...A priori,presuppo...ABSOLUTE
ABSTRACTION
ABSURDITY
AFFINITY
ALTERATION (CHANGE)
AMPHIBOLY
ANALOGY OF EXPERI...
ANALYTIC
ANALYTIC METHOD
ANALYTIC UNITY OF...
ANTECEDENT PROPOS...ANTHROPOLOGY
ANTICIPATION OF P...
ANTINOMY
APOAGOGIC
APPEARANCE
APPREHENSION
APRIORI
ARCHETYPE
ARCHITECTONIC
ATTENTION
ATTRIBUTE
AUTHENTICITY
AXIOMS OF INTUITION
Abbott, Lyman
Abdera
Abelard, Peter
Abelson, Robert
Abernathy, John
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Abstract ideas
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Act agapism
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Adams
Adams, Jay E
Adams, Thomas
Aenesidemus
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Agapistic ethics
Agnostic
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Albertus Magnus
Albigensians
Albright, Jacob
Alesius, Alexander
Alexander, Archib...Alexander, James W.
Alexander, Samuel
Alleine, Joseph
Allon, Henry
Altizer, Thomas J...Altruism
Altruistic
Altruistic hedonism
Ambrose
Ambrose, Isaac
Amish
Ammann, Jacob
Anabaptist
Analogical predic...Analysis
Analytic philosophy
Analytical
Analytical philos...Analytical statem...
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Anaximenes
Anderson, James
Anderson, John R.
Andrewes, Lancelot
Angier, John
Animal faith
Anselm
Anthony of Padua
Anthropology
Anthropomorphism
Antifallibilism

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