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Hume, David

Philosophy DictionaryTheological and Philosophical Dictionary
(1711-1776) Scottish empiricist philosopher; criticized rational proofs for existence of God; denied miracles. Wrote An Enquiry Concerning the Human Understanding. Regarding his theory of knowledge: all knowledge derives
from perceptions . Perceptions consist in 1. impressions (original experiences); 2. ideas (copies or memories of impressions). Impressions are 1. prior to and more
lively than ideas; 2. sensations of external sense data (i.e., color, etc.); 3. reflections on internal feelings (i.e., emotions); 4. copied by memory or imagination to form
simple ideas. Simple ideas combine to form complex ideas according to the laws of association of ideas: law of resemblance (similar ideas associate); law of contiguity
(ideas together in space or time associate); law of causality (the constant conjunction or sequence of ideas suggests causal association). Valid knowledge
consists in ideas reducible to specific impressions. Ideas like causality, substance, the self, and God cannot be reduced to impressions, hence are convenient
grammatical fictions. We cannot know an external world. "As no beings are ever present to the mind but perceptions , we can never observe a relation of cause and
effect between perceptions and objects."

 

Philosophy Dictionary INDEX:

List of Terms: Terms beginning with "A", Page 1

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A: Page 1 of 2.

A posteriori know...A priori knowledge
A priori, analyti...
A priori, theory ...A priori,presuppo...ABSOLUTE
ABSTRACTION
ABSURDITY
AFFINITY
ALTERATION (CHANGE)
AMPHIBOLY
ANALOGY OF EXPERI...
ANALYTIC
ANALYTIC METHOD
ANALYTIC UNITY OF...
ANTECEDENT PROPOS...ANTHROPOLOGY
ANTICIPATION OF P...
ANTINOMY
APOAGOGIC
APPEARANCE
APPREHENSION
APRIORI
ARCHETYPE
ARCHITECTONIC
ATTENTION
ATTRIBUTE
AUTHENTICITY
AXIOMS OF INTUITION
Abbott, Lyman
Abdera
Abelard, Peter
Abelson, Robert
Abernathy, John
Absolute
Absolute idealism
Absolute theism
Absolutes
Absolutism
Abstract ideas
Acquaintance
Act agapism
Act deontology
Act teleology
Act utilitarianism
Action
Action theory
Adams
Adams, Jay E
Adams, Thomas
Aenesidemus
Aesthetic hedonism
Aesthetic humanism
Aesthetic stage
Aesthetics
Aeterni Patris
Agapism
Agapistic ethics
Agnostic
Agnosticism
Albertus Magnus
Albigensians
Albright, Jacob
Alesius, Alexander
Alexander, Archib...Alexander, James W.
Alexander, Samuel
Alleine, Joseph
Allon, Henry
Altizer, Thomas J...Altruism
Altruistic
Altruistic hedonism
Ambrose
Ambrose, Isaac
Amish
Ammann, Jacob
Anabaptist
Analogical predic...Analysis
Analytic philosophy
Analytical
Analytical philos...Analytical statem...
Anamnesis
Anarchism
Anaxagoras
Anaximander
Anaximenes
Anderson, James
Anderson, John R.
Andrewes, Lancelot
Angier, John
Animal faith
Anselm
Anthony of Padua
Anthropology
Anthropomorphism
Antifallibilism

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