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Husserl, Edmund

Philosophy DictionaryTheological and Philosophical Dictionary
(1859-1938) German philosopher; professor at Halle, Gottingen, and Freiburg; wrote Ideas. Phenomenologist who borders on mysticism . Philosophy is a rigorous science of the structures of meaningful conscious experience of "things themselves." The primary structure is intentionality. Attention is directed to "objects" insofar as they are intended by consciousness (i.e., the "ideal essences" of "things themselves"). These essences are neither ideal (Plato ) nor psychological (Hume ) realities. Transcendental phenomenology is the descriptive analysis both of the essences intended by consciousness and of the consciousness in the act of intending objects (i.e., giving meaning to the world). The "transcendental ego" is Husserl's name for the constituting intentionality of consciousness; it is concrete rather than formal, as in Kant . There is only one world (not things-in-themselves and things-as-they-appear, as in Kant ). The object (or world) is not constructed by consciousness under a priori categories; it is already tied to consciousness by intentionality in a "Life-World." The world gives itself to consciousness, which reciprocates by giving meaning. Nor is consciousness or the transcendental ego a "thinking thing," as in Descartes , which looks "out" at the world; it is immersed in the "Life-World" and becomes aware of itself reflexively in the act of intending the world and reflecting upon it.

 

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List of Terms: Terms beginning with "A", Page 1

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A: Page 1 of 2.

A posteriori know...A priori knowledge
A priori, analyti...
A priori, theory ...A priori,presuppo...ABSOLUTE
ABSTRACTION
ABSURDITY
AFFINITY
ALTERATION (CHANGE)
AMPHIBOLY
ANALOGY OF EXPERI...
ANALYTIC
ANALYTIC METHOD
ANALYTIC UNITY OF...
ANTECEDENT PROPOS...ANTHROPOLOGY
ANTICIPATION OF P...
ANTINOMY
APOAGOGIC
APPEARANCE
APPREHENSION
APRIORI
ARCHETYPE
ARCHITECTONIC
ATTENTION
ATTRIBUTE
AUTHENTICITY
AXIOMS OF INTUITION
Abbott, Lyman
Abdera
Abelard, Peter
Abelson, Robert
Abernathy, John
Absolute
Absolute idealism
Absolute theism
Absolutes
Absolutism
Abstract ideas
Acquaintance
Act agapism
Act deontology
Act teleology
Act utilitarianism
Action
Action theory
Adams
Adams, Jay E
Adams, Thomas
Aenesidemus
Aesthetic hedonism
Aesthetic humanism
Aesthetic stage
Aesthetics
Aeterni Patris
Agapism
Agapistic ethics
Agnostic
Agnosticism
Albertus Magnus
Albigensians
Albright, Jacob
Alesius, Alexander
Alexander, Archib...Alexander, James W.
Alexander, Samuel
Alleine, Joseph
Allon, Henry
Altizer, Thomas J...Altruism
Altruistic
Altruistic hedonism
Ambrose
Ambrose, Isaac
Amish
Ammann, Jacob
Anabaptist
Analogical predic...Analysis
Analytic philosophy
Analytical
Analytical philos...Analytical statem...
Anamnesis
Anarchism
Anaxagoras
Anaximander
Anaximenes
Anderson, James
Anderson, John R.
Andrewes, Lancelot
Angier, John
Animal faith
Anselm
Anthony of Padua
Anthropology
Anthropomorphism
Antifallibilism

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