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SYNTHETIC

Philosophy DictionaryDictionary of Kants Technical Terms
a statement or item of knowledge which is known to be true because of its connection with some intuition. (Cf. analytic.)
Philosophy DictionaryKant Dictionary
[A9/B13] Opposed to analytic; usually connected with empirical. Unlike analytic judgments, in synthetic judgments the predicate is not "contained within" the subject, but bears some other relation to it. Namely, in empirical synthetic judgments the subject and predicate "belong to one another...continently...as parts of a whole, namely [the whole of] an experience". However, Kant also recognizes synthetic a priori judgments, in which the subject are predicate are related with necessity (not contingently, as in empirical judgments), though the source of this necessity is not (as is the case in analytic judgments) the relation of identity. The source of this ampliative but necessary connection between the predicate and the subject grounds the possibility of synthetic a priori judgments. But what is this source? Normally such ampliative connections are supplied by experience; as Kant puts it, "But in a priori synthetic judgments this help is entirely lacking....Upon what, then, am I to rely, when I seek to go beyond the concept A, and to know that another concept B is [a priori] connected with it?....What is here the unknown = X which gives support to the understanding when it believes that" it has synthetic a priori knowledge? Clearly this question is very important to Kant's entire philosophical programme, and also it is clearly a very difficult question.
Philosophy DictionaryTheological and Philosophical Dictionary

 

Philosophy Dictionary INDEX:

List of Terms: Terms beginning with "A", Page 1

Starts With:      A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
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A: Page 1 of 2.

A posteriori know...A priori knowledge
A priori, analyti...
A priori, theory ...A priori,presuppo...ABSOLUTE
ABSTRACTION
ABSURDITY
AFFINITY
ALTERATION (CHANGE)
AMPHIBOLY
ANALOGY OF EXPERI...
ANALYTIC
ANALYTIC METHOD
ANALYTIC UNITY OF...
ANTECEDENT PROPOS...ANTHROPOLOGY
ANTICIPATION OF P...
ANTINOMY
APOAGOGIC
APPEARANCE
APPREHENSION
APRIORI
ARCHETYPE
ARCHITECTONIC
ATTENTION
ATTRIBUTE
AUTHENTICITY
AXIOMS OF INTUITION
Abbott, Lyman
Abdera
Abelard, Peter
Abelson, Robert
Abernathy, John
Absolute
Absolute idealism
Absolute theism
Absolutes
Absolutism
Abstract ideas
Acquaintance
Act agapism
Act deontology
Act teleology
Act utilitarianism
Action
Action theory
Adams
Adams, Jay E
Adams, Thomas
Aenesidemus
Aesthetic hedonism
Aesthetic humanism
Aesthetic stage
Aesthetics
Aeterni Patris
Agapism
Agapistic ethics
Agnostic
Agnosticism
Albertus Magnus
Albigensians
Albright, Jacob
Alesius, Alexander
Alexander, Archib...Alexander, James W.
Alexander, Samuel
Alleine, Joseph
Allon, Henry
Altizer, Thomas J...Altruism
Altruistic
Altruistic hedonism
Ambrose
Ambrose, Isaac
Amish
Ammann, Jacob
Anabaptist
Analogical predic...Analysis
Analytic philosophy
Analytical
Analytical philos...Analytical statem...
Anamnesis
Anarchism
Anaxagoras
Anaximander
Anaximenes
Anderson, James
Anderson, John R.
Andrewes, Lancelot
Angier, John
Animal faith
Anselm
Anthony of Padua
Anthropology
Anthropomorphism
Antifallibilism

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