Philosophy Dictionary

Home -› Schopenhauer, Arthur

Define!

Philosophy Dictionaries

Dictionary of Kants Technical Terms

Kant Dictionary

Dictionary of Philosophy of Mind

Theological and Philosophical Dictionary


Literature Quote


Definition Of:

Schopenhauer, Arthur

Philosophy DictionaryTheological and Philosophical Dictionary
(1788-1860) Wrote The World as Will and Idea (or Representation). Voluntaristic idealism. Reality is a blind, irrational will, objectifying itself as man and the phenomena of his world. This will is Kant 's "thing-in-itself" but can be introspectively and intuitively known. In man, the will becomes self-conscious and presents to itself by construction a phenomenal world of ideas or representations. This world is ordered in terms of the principle of causality, which is necessary to the conception of phenomena . Mind is a manifestation of will which is self-conscious and capable of understanding the forms of existence (i.e., the forms by which will objectifies itself). Phenomena appear to be plural, but in reality manifests the one universal will. Phenomena appear to be orderly and good, but in reality hide an irrational and evil will. The world as will representing itself to itself develops through several stages: 1. the ideas that limit objectification to particular things; and 2. a final objectification as human consciousness and its world of phenomena as representations. Ordinary knowledge is the activity of the will. Knowledge of the ideas bypasses this activity and turns the will on itself and its ideas or limitations; hence knowledge of the ideas no longer further objectifies will. Art penetrates the representations to the ideas, thus revealing reality. Tragedy, e.g., reveals the blindness and necessity of will. Music is the most revealing and liberating art, for it reveals the will itself.

 

Philosophy Dictionary INDEX:

List of Terms: Terms beginning with "A", Page 1

Starts With:      A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
Page Number:      1 2

A: Page 1 of 2.

A posteriori know...A priori knowledge
A priori, analyti...
A priori, theory ...A priori,presuppo...ABSOLUTE
ABSTRACTION
ABSURDITY
AFFINITY
ALTERATION (CHANGE)
AMPHIBOLY
ANALOGY OF EXPERI...
ANALYTIC
ANALYTIC METHOD
ANALYTIC UNITY OF...
ANTECEDENT PROPOS...ANTHROPOLOGY
ANTICIPATION OF P...
ANTINOMY
APOAGOGIC
APPEARANCE
APPREHENSION
APRIORI
ARCHETYPE
ARCHITECTONIC
ATTENTION
ATTRIBUTE
AUTHENTICITY
AXIOMS OF INTUITION
Abbott, Lyman
Abdera
Abelard, Peter
Abelson, Robert
Abernathy, John
Absolute
Absolute idealism
Absolute theism
Absolutes
Absolutism
Abstract ideas
Acquaintance
Act agapism
Act deontology
Act teleology
Act utilitarianism
Action
Action theory
Adams
Adams, Jay E
Adams, Thomas
Aenesidemus
Aesthetic hedonism
Aesthetic humanism
Aesthetic stage
Aesthetics
Aeterni Patris
Agapism
Agapistic ethics
Agnostic
Agnosticism
Albertus Magnus
Albigensians
Albright, Jacob
Alesius, Alexander
Alexander, Archib...Alexander, James W.
Alexander, Samuel
Alleine, Joseph
Allon, Henry
Altizer, Thomas J...Altruism
Altruistic
Altruistic hedonism
Ambrose
Ambrose, Isaac
Amish
Ammann, Jacob
Anabaptist
Analogical predic...Analysis
Analytic philosophy
Analytical
Analytical philos...Analytical statem...
Anamnesis
Anarchism
Anaxagoras
Anaximander
Anaximenes
Anderson, James
Anderson, John R.
Andrewes, Lancelot
Angier, John
Animal faith
Anselm
Anthony of Padua
Anthropology
Anthropomorphism
Antifallibilism

Home   |   About Us   |   Contact Us
 
Copyright © 2008 Philosophy-Dictionary.org. All Rights Reserved.