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Wisdom, John

Philosophy DictionaryTheological and Philosophical Dictionary
(1904-____) British analytical philosopher; associated with Wittgenstein; very colorful; wrote 1. Other Minds, 2. Philosophy and Psychoanalysis, and 3. Paradoxand Discovery. Philosophy is conceptual therapy, but not just the emancipation of the puzzled philosopher from the "bewitchment" of language. "A purely linguistic treatment of philosophical conflicts is often
inadequate." Philosophers puzzling over paradoxes have noticed something about the world that must be taken seriously. The issue is not merely one of a confusing or misleading use of language, since what is said that may appear to be absurd may also be calling attention to some feature of the world that has escaped attention or is obscured by linguistic habits. But "philosophical theories such as 'Matter (or Mind)
does not exist' are paradoxes; and philosophical questions are not questions (scientific) nor problems (logic) but riddles." The philosopher's proposals
concerning the nature of the world may be fruitful suggestions for showing us "not new things but old things anew." "A philosophical answer is really a verbal recommendation." As metaphysical statements, they are not (mere) nonsense (as the logical positivist hold), but significant "nonsense." "Wisdom places emphasis on seeing what is so, not saying what is so" (Newell). Although metaphysical statements are not factual statements per se, they are not, as a consequence, of emotive value only; they help one to see facts in a new way. Also reasoning is not
solely either empirical induction or deduction (i.e., logical demonstration), but in actual use is more nearly a referring to or comparing of particular cases. "Reasoning will not be effective until it leads to or comes from a new apprehension of the familiar."

 

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A: Page 1 of 2.

A posteriori know...A priori knowledge
A priori, analyti...
A priori, theory ...A priori,presuppo...ABSOLUTE
ABSTRACTION
ABSURDITY
AFFINITY
ALTERATION (CHANGE)
AMPHIBOLY
ANALOGY OF EXPERI...
ANALYTIC
ANALYTIC METHOD
ANALYTIC UNITY OF...
ANTECEDENT PROPOS...ANTHROPOLOGY
ANTICIPATION OF P...
ANTINOMY
APOAGOGIC
APPEARANCE
APPREHENSION
APRIORI
ARCHETYPE
ARCHITECTONIC
ATTENTION
ATTRIBUTE
AUTHENTICITY
AXIOMS OF INTUITION
Abbott, Lyman
Abdera
Abelard, Peter
Abelson, Robert
Abernathy, John
Absolute
Absolute idealism
Absolute theism
Absolutes
Absolutism
Abstract ideas
Acquaintance
Act agapism
Act deontology
Act teleology
Act utilitarianism
Action
Action theory
Adams
Adams, Jay E
Adams, Thomas
Aenesidemus
Aesthetic hedonism
Aesthetic humanism
Aesthetic stage
Aesthetics
Aeterni Patris
Agapism
Agapistic ethics
Agnostic
Agnosticism
Albertus Magnus
Albigensians
Albright, Jacob
Alesius, Alexander
Alexander, Archib...Alexander, James W.
Alexander, Samuel
Alleine, Joseph
Allon, Henry
Altizer, Thomas J...Altruism
Altruistic
Altruistic hedonism
Ambrose
Ambrose, Isaac
Amish
Ammann, Jacob
Anabaptist
Analogical predic...Analysis
Analytic philosophy
Analytical
Analytical philos...Analytical statem...
Anamnesis
Anarchism
Anaxagoras
Anaximander
Anaximenes
Anderson, James
Anderson, John R.
Andrewes, Lancelot
Angier, John
Animal faith
Anselm
Anthony of Padua
Anthropology
Anthropomorphism
Antifallibilism

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